Perinatal mental health or PMH issues are those problems that take place during gestation or in the first year after the birth of a baby. Perinatal mental health disorders influence up to 20 percent of new and expecting mothers and cover a lot of conditions.
If this situation remains uncontrolled, mental health issues can induce a lot of significant and long-term effects on the individual, the baby, and the other members of the family. For that reason, there needs to be a specialist in the Perinatal Mental Health care that provides treatment for women having different mental health requirements and support the ongoing relationship between the woman and baby. They also offer females with mental health advice for planning a gestation.
How Does Perinatal Mental Health Affect Women and other Individuals in the Family?
Perinatal mental health disorders impact one in five mothers across the globe and are considered as one of the most prevalent complications in pregnancy. Despite the ongoing contact with the medical settings in health care, most of the women having a pregnancy or postpartum having mental health might go undiagnosed or unrecognized, which puts them away from treatment.
A lack of treatment might lead to destroying consequences on infants, women, and families. In that regard, maternal suicide exceeds hypertensive disorders and other issues related to blood, such as hemorrhage that is responsible for inducing maternal mortalities. A lot of professionals in the obstetric, psychiatric, pediatric wards, and in the primary care units face a dire challenge of a lot of obstacles when it comes to providing the required mental health care for such women.
It is, therefore, important to address such barriers in a systematic order that is channeled through a sustainable and practical platform that makes the capacity of different health care systems, countries, and states for addressing states like depression and other mental health disorders in the perinatal period.
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Perinatal Mental Health Services
Perinatal mental health services for different women having mental health issues who are going to have a pregnancy or has a child who is up to one-year-old. The services come with an aim to:
- Help you staying well as much as possible while you are pregnant and after the baby is born.
- Also, make sure that you and the people around you are recognizing if you have a sick condition as soon as possible.
- Give the best treatment possible to provide support to you and your whole family members.
- Help you in enjoying having your child and to build confidence in being a mother.
- Make it confirm that you, your spouse, and your family have all the relevant information you need and get the relevant advice about your issues and treatments.
- Work along with your partner and family with professionals to give you a possible solution.
How Can Perinatal Mental Health Services Help?
Perinatal mental health services will usually be aimed at looking after people who got a serious or a complicated mental health issue. So, not every woman having a mental health issue during gestation or after the baby is born would be needing the service. You will get good care from the GP for having mild mental health issues in gestation and after the delivery of the baby. If having help from the GP is not sufficient, you can be referred to a perinatal mental health service.
You might be seeing a community team for mental health at a time, but you still might be referred to such a service for added support and service. The professional teams will be working together with you, your spouse, family, and other professionals involved in healthcare.
Mother and Baby Unit – MBU and Perinatal Mental Health Services
If you have a lot of dire mental health issues, you might also be administered to a hospital. It should usually be a specialist in the MBU or the psychiatric Mother and Baby Unit. This is the place where you and your child can be admitted together.
These units admit women in late gestational periods or after one year of birth. The MBU would assist you in taking care of the baby and get more confidence in yourself as a mother as you are having the treatment. Your service for perinatal mental health will be coming with the links to the nearest units possible, so your specialist or nurse might set an admission for you if you require it.
They will be in touch with you as you are in the hospital, and they are helping with different plans regarding your delivery. After you get discharged from the hospital, they will carry on providing you with services.
In What Cases Can it Benefit me the Most?
It can benefit you the most if:
- You ever had a serious mental health issue such as a psychotic illness, bipolar disorder, and others and want to become pregnant. You might need to have preconception counseling.
- In case, you have a serious mental health disorder like Schizophrenia and are pregnant – you are at risk of having the disease during the time of the delivery as well.
- You have already been admitted under the mental health services for other types of mental health issues that include Major Depressive Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, among other mental health issues.
- However, you have a genetic history of having a Postpartum Psychosis or Bipolar Disorder. This might put you at an increased risk of having Postpartum Psychosis or Bipolar Disorder during your gestational age.
- The treatment route from your GP is not sufficient and is not helping you in managing or alleviating your symptoms related to perinatal mental health problems like perinatal depression anymore.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What is Perinatal Mental Health?
It is linked with the health issues which occur after a year when a woman gives birth. There can be many reasons for it and for that, it is compulsory to use the help of an expert.
- What are Perinatal Mental Health Services?
We have mentioned some of the services above, however, if you want to get regular services we recommend visiting a health center or consult your doctor.
- Why is Perinatal Mental Health Important?
Taking care of it is essential if you want to live a healthy life, otherwise, it can cause different issues on the health of a woman. Hence, if you are facing these issues make sure to follow a proper diet plan and work on yourself for good results.
- WHO About Perinatal Mental Health?
WHO also known as the World Health Organization has added different theories that are on PMH and also added that different women have to face these issues. Around 15.6% of women have to face this during pregnancy.
- What does a Perinatal Mental health team do?
They provide you different information related to PMH and how it can be resolved. Also, they make sure that you can seek help on time.
These were some of the facts that highlighted the definition of the perinatal mental health, its importance in the society, the prevalence of different mental health disorders in the group and the implications associated to them, and how perinatal mental health services can help you in managing your pregnancy if you are going through such issues.